Foot physical therapists are trained professionals who treat patients with foot issues. Foot physical therapy is a health care specialty that is designed to treat specific foot conditions and injuries. Foot physical therapy is also known as orthopedic therapy and orthotics. This type of therapy is designed to strengthen, rehabilitate, correct biomechanical imbalances, increase joint mobility, improve gait, and reduce pain. The treatment can also aid in joint protection and provide relief from arthritis, plantar fasciitis, heel spurs, or bursitis.
Foot physical therapy helps reduce pain in the affected foot. It is recommended that physical therapists work closely with their patients to determine which type of treatment will be best for the specific injury they are dealing with. Patients must first undergo a diagnosis to determine if the patient is suffering from a foot condition or a problem that is beyond the scope of their physical therapy treatments. Physical therapists use different techniques for addressing the various conditions that are involved in foot problems. Some of these techniques are focused on prevention and some on treatment.
Foot pain is one of the most common complaints among foot problems. Pain in the feet is usually caused by stress on the tendons in the feet that result in abnormal bone and muscle function. A wide variety of conditions can contribute to foot pain. It can also be a result of an injury or condition in the foot. A patient can also experience foot pain due to a problem with the feet such as flat feet. Flat feet can occur from deformities of the feet, over pronation of the feet, or other problems in the joints. It is usually associated with aging or wearing shoes that do not fit properly.
Foot pain is commonly caused by weak or tight muscles in the muscles of the feet. The weak muscles can cause inflammation in the fascia and tendons of the feet, which increases the amount of pressure placed on the affected area. Excessive tension on the muscles can also contribute to foot pain.
Ankle sprain and fracture are two conditions that are often associated with a foot problem. A common form of foot fracture is called a bunion. The bones in the bunion area can become displaced during walking or running, resulting in a bruise. Injuries in the ankle area are more common in athletes than in others. These injuries can be painful because they involve bones, tendons, or nerves.
Physical Therapy focuses on strengthening the injured or damaged foot by stretching exercises, stretching the muscles of the body and using specific stretches that will help to increase the strength and flexibility of the muscles. A patient may also need to wear support stockings that are specially designed for their foot or may be prescribed anti-inflammatory medication. Sometimes, a patient’s ability to walk can be restricted because the weakened muscles can be painful or cause the feet to feel numb. A patient may need to wear sandals for short periods of time, but this should be a last resort. In most cases, foot problems can be treated successfully and will heal in a few weeks.